Periodontics (Gum Treatments)

Periodontal diseases

Periodontal diseases are inflammatory diseases that affect the gums and other supporting structures of the teeth. If diagnosed early, they can be easily and successfully treated. Although periodontal disease affects the majority of the population, there is very little awareness about its causes, effects, and treatment.

Moreover, it is a sneaky disease. Prevention or treatment of gum disease will help to preserve natural teeth as well as offering other benefits, such as easier chewing and better digestion.

Healthy gums appear slightly rough, like an orange peel, and pink, and have a smooth gingival margin. Healthy gums do not bleed during brushing or eating.

A lot of periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis. That is, gingivitis is a precursor of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is characterized by bleeding, red, and swollen gums. It may not cause a lot of discomfort in its early stages. However, if left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, and cause irreversible damage to the alveolar bone that supports the gums and teeth.


Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. It is characterized by damage to the alveolar bone along with supporting soft tissues. The presence of a “periodontal pocket” between the teeth and gums facilitates infection and the progression of the disease. As the disease progresses, the teeth start to become loose, and may even need to be extracted.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Bleeding,
  • Swollen and red gums,
  • Gum recession and sensitivity on exposed root surfaces,
  • Black tartar on the gingival margin or between teeth,
  • Pus between teeth and gums,
  • Loose teeth, teeth appearing longer or displaced,
  • Bad smell and taste in the mouth.

Surgical and Non-Surgical Treatments

Non-Surgical Treatments
Scaling and root planing, gingival curettage, occlusal schemes.

Surgical Treatments
Surgical treatment of gingival recession, surgical treatment of gingival enlargement, surgical treatment of tissue loss due to periodontal disease, bone grafts, membrane applications, soft tissue grafts, cosmetic dental surgery.

Laser Applications
Our surgical and non-surgical treatments can be supported with laser treatments

Scaling

Scaling

Healthy gums appear firm, pink and slightly rough, like an orange peel. Gingivitis causes redness, bleeding, and swelling of the gums. It can also cause bad breath. If left untreated, all supporting structures of the teeth can be affected. Advanced disease can even affect the bone and turn into periodontitis.

Scaling aims to prevent the progression of gum disease. In order to prevent the development of gingivitis and to restore healthy gums, a periodontologist performs a detailed examination in the 6-month routine dental visits and applies scaling if deemed necessary, which is crucial for long-term oral health. Scaling is a painless procedure that doesn’t require anesthesia and includes the removal of tartar and creating a suitable oral environment for good oral hygiene.

Root Planing

Neglecting periodontal health and poor oral hygiene result in the loosening of the attachment between gums and teeth. This forms periodontal pockets, which serve as reservoirs for tartar, which cannot be removed with routine scaling. If this is the case, the patient may require curettage, a more advanced treatment, under anesthesia. This treatment aims to remove deep tartar from root surfaces and remove unhealthy gums to restore healthy teeth and gums.

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